Flute Pad Installation

OPEN HOLE CUPS

Metal bushings must be replaced with JS leakproof Delrin bushings (other brands of plastic bushings do not seal well with Digital Gold pads). These bushings slide on and off smoothly and make shimming an easy job while reducing the likelihood of damaging a pad. The delrin bushings and gaskets are essential for JS pads because they are flexible and provide a seal against the inner collar (metal bushings will leak). If there are too many partial shims and the pad is tilted, it will leak at the bushing and need special thicker bushing gaskets. Check for bushing leakage by performing a suction test with a piece of tubing on the pad. Order bushings that are .1mm (.004″) smaller than the outside diameter of the cup chimney.

WARNING

There is an aluminum collar hidden near the center beneath the skin. Avoid using a metal tool when prying up a bushing or you may pinch the skin against the hidden collar and cut it – use your fingernail. If you must use a tool, only catch the outside edge of the bushing (do not insert the tool too far).

bushing box

Photo of Delrin French bushings
Delrin French Bushing

 

DELRIN BUSHING KIT

Comes in a 6 compartment container (5 per size) from 7.6 to 8.1mm Sizes 7.5 to 8.3mm are also available.

 

Photo of Delrin Bushing Upgrade Kit for Yamaha 500 Series & Up

DELRIN BUSHING UPGRADE KIT

Required for Yamaha 500 series & up and for some older flutes with tapered cup chimneys (old Haynes etc). Stainless steel sleeves slip over the old chimneys and provide a new straight surface for the delrin bushings.

GO HERE FOR BUSHING UPGRADE DETAILS

 

Photo of thin gaskets for bushings

BUSHING GASKET

Thin gaskets for bushings – to provide a tight seal for imperfect chimney/cup alignments (solves leaks in otherwise perfect pad jobs). Thin rubber gaskets are trapped between the bushing lip and the pad surface to prevent air leakage.

 

 

Photo of Delrin stabilizers
Delrin Stabilizers
Photo of anodized aluminum stabilizers
Anodized Aluminum Stabilizers


STABILIZERS

JS pads come in 1.7mm thickness with various foundation washers (stabilizers) .040″ (1mm) thickness is most common. Delrin is standard but aluminum stabilizers are also available. Stabilizers must be superglued into the cups so they will not move or flex (you can remove superglue with toluene). Rough up the back sides of the delrin stabilizers with sandpaper first so the glue will stick. Aluminum stabilizers are stiff, flat and glue much better than Delrin (don’t use sandpaper on aluminum stabilizers).

 

 

Photo of retainer seals
Retainer Seals
Photo of retainer screws
Retainer Screws
Photo of recessed sterling silver retainer washers
Recessed Sterling Silver Retainer Washers

RETAINER LEAKS

Be sure to install JS soft plastic retainer screw seals between the retainingwasher and the screw head. They prevent air leaks and keep the screws from loosening. Do not place spacers between the washer and the spud because the centers of Gold pads do not crush – using spacers can cause leaks. In some cases you may need to replace the original retainer screws with our longer ones. We also stock and recommend recessed washers in case your flute has flat washers.

 

 

Photo of pad shims
Pad Shims

SHIMMING

For stability, avoid more than .012″ (.3mm) shim thickness). Use plastic rather than paper shims because paper can swell/shrink up to 20% with moisture/humidity changes and cause leaks. Bending/tilting the key side to side so its level the tonehole is fine but never bend it from front to back or you will distort the cup. Never place anything between the pad and the tonehole in order to bend a cup because it will crush and damage the pads – use your bare fingers only. Pads must be shimmed within .001″ (or less) of perfection. Keep partial shims to a minimum. Beware that the pad is not so tight that it must be forced into the cups or the outer ring can be damaged or dislodged. Regular pads should measure .1mm (.004”) smaller than the cups. Trill pads should measure .2mm (.008”) smaller so they can be floated in. Cups should be well centered with the toneholes or a leak will result when the tonehole is too close to a retaining washer or bushing. Use a feeler gauge. If you use a leaklight the pads will be too light on the hinge side. You can use a leak light to determine side to side shimming but it will mislead you with front to back shimming.


TRILLS

The plastic rims are very thin so take care not to overheat them or poke through them with a needle when installing. Do not use shellac for the small C# & trills because it is very brittle and can easily lose its grip on the slippery plastic. Use hot glue and check with a leak light.

 

 


Photo of flute diamond tonehole files
Flute Diamond Tonehole Files
Photo of flute file
Flute File

TONEHOLES

These pads are very flat and it is very important that toneholes be flat as well. JS diamond tonehole files are your best bet for achieving perfectly level toneholes. JS diamond files cut faster and smoother than other files and the diamonds do not seem to wear out. You can also check the flatness of tonehole rims with the bare metal side of JS tonehole files. Basic size pilots are supplied with the files. Inbetween size pilots in .5mm increments are also available (see below).

Photo of pilots flute
Flute Pilots

ROTARY CHAMFER FILES

After the toneholes are flat you will need to smooth off the rough edges on the corners so the pad skin doesn’t get cut. The easiest way to do this is with rotary abrasive bits as shown below. A protective template is provided so you don’t accidentally damage the surface of the body. These tools save time and effort and are very affordable.

Photo of chamfer flute

Photo of chamfer flute

NO HEAVY CLAMPING

Remember that these are not felt pads and should not be treated so. Do not use clamps on them. Do not overtighten the retaining screws or you will wrinkle/distort the pads and create leaks.

DAMAGE

If a gold pad suffers a dent or fingernail mark etc.  Heat up a piece of thick flat metal in an oven to 300 deg F (use an oven thermometer and do not exceed 320 deg F).